Renaissance architecture in Eastern Europe

The remoteness of this area with regard to Italy diluted the influence of the Renaissance, but there are fine examples of buildings that combine elements of Renaissance with local architectural traditions. In Hungary, even before the second half of the fifteenth century houses were built of Italian style. The Hungarian King Matthias Corvinus builders and sculptors hired Italians, one of which, Aristotle Fioravanti, traveled from Hungary to Moscow to lift the Assumption Cathedral in the Kremlin. Under the reign of Louis II of Hungary and Bohemia, was built Bakócz Chapel of the Cathedral of Esztergom, example of Renaissance decoration. Other works influenced by the Renaissance in Eastern Europe are the Castle of Wawel Sigismund Chapel in Kraków, the city Polish of Zamo??, the Royal Palace and the churches of St. Michael and St. Stephen of Vilnius, in Lithuania, the town of Tel? or the Castle of Cesky Krumlov in the Czech Republic.

Renaissance architecture in England

Queen's House, (1616) in London, the first example of Renaissance architecture imported into the United Kingdom.Queen's House, (1616) in London, the first example of Renaissance architecture imported into the United Kingdom (to the right).

In England the first example of Renaissance architecture was Inigo Jones (1573 - 1652), who had studied in Italy, where the influence of Palladio was widespread. When Jones returned home, began with enthusiasm to build on the basis of the new movement and designed buildings such as the Queen's House at Greenwich (1616) and Banquet House Whitehall Palace (1619). These constructions of lines and symmetry were revolutionary in a country where even buildings with windows were designed items, cushions and turrets.

Hatfield House it was built entirely by Robert Cecil, first Earl of Salisbury, between 1607 and 1611, and is the perfect example of transitional architecture between Tudor and Renaissance. The building combines a Tudor wing with mullioned windows and crenellated roof and two wings clearly influenced by the facades of the palazzo in Italy. Its main facade, originally as a lodge open, had been attributed to Inigo Jones, although the central porch Jacobean this power does probably false. Inside, the elaborate carved staircase shows the Italian influence on English ornament.

Jones's work was followed by masters such as Christopher Wren to design the Cathedral of Saint Paul of London and many public buildings and churches were built in London after the Great Fire of London in 1666. The devastation of the city was a unique opportunity for a new generation of architects followers of classical architecture, who built a larger scale than had probably ever built in a city. However, at this point imported Italianate style by Inigo Jones and was merged by the Baroque.

Later architects, like the Venetian Giacomo Leoni, during the next century, adapted and modified to fit the style and English style landscape, preserving the taste of Italian influence in the buildings. Lyme Hall in Cheshire is a superb example of this trend.

The influence of Italian Renaissance architecture persisted especially in the Anglo-Saxon, as a result of Palladian architecture, form of interpretation peculiar to the architecture of Palladio, which classicism mantedría until the arrival of more modern styles such as Neoclassicism. During the nineteenth century, historicism comes with a Neo-Renaissance revival especially important in the United Kingdom and North America.


Latest Articles

Related Articles

Vinkle.com Android app

class="eliadunit">