The Vijayanagara Empire was an empire was born in the plateau of the Deccan , in central-southern India , which at the time of greatest glory came to possess the southern third of the subcontinent. In kannada is known for Vijayanagara Samrajya. Established in 1336 by Harihara I and his brother Bukka Raya I , existed until 1646 , but its decline began after a crushing military defeat against the sultanates of the Deccan in 1565 of which would never recover.
The Empire is called the officer who then gave him his capital, Vijayanagara, the ruins, declared World Heritage Site by Unesco , around the town now called Hampi in the state of Karnataka. Archaeological excavations reveal the power and wealth of this empire.
The empire's legacy includes many monuments scattered across southern India , although the most important remains are those of Hampi . The ancient Indian architectural schools were combined, creating a new style Vijayanagara, itself, which would overturn the temples Hindus who rose during the first in the Deccan and then the other regions of the empire through the use of materials were available by location. The oldest structures show influences of the sultanate of Delhi . Efficient administration and strong maritime trade empire provided the latest technological advances, such as the use of new irrigation systems. The imperial court encouraged the arts, leading to a resurgence of literature in kannada , Telugu , Tamil and Sanskrit , while Carnatic music evolved from positions that had remained static for centuries to adopt rules that are used even today. The Vijayanagara Empire was a turning point in the history of the subcontinent that transcended regionalism by promoting Hinduism as a unifying factor.
Official Language: Telugu , kannada , Tamil , Sanskrit
• 1336-1356 Harihara Raya I
• 1356-1377 Bukka I
• 1509-1529 Krishna Deva Raya
Historical period: Renaissance
Age of Discovery :
• Foundation by Harihara I and Bukka Raya I 1336
• Conquered by Bijapur and Golconda 1646
Currency : Varaha (gold)